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The Torah or Pentateuch
The Five Books of Moses
Torah Class a place of common ground for Christians and Jews. Torah means "teaching" or "instruction", not Law. The Hebrew Scriptures are the foundation of the New Testament. Torah Class is an independent, non-denominational organization of gentile Christians and Messianic Jews who meet to learn Torah and Old Testament (Tanakh) from a Hebrew Roots perspec-tive, and then apply our understanding to the works of Messiah in the New Testament and ultimately to our lives and personal relationship with the Lord.
An Introduction to the Pentateuch David Malick describes it as a chronological and theological progression covering the founding of the Theocracy - the re-establishment of God's rule on earth through man over evil and over all creation.
Encyclopaedia Britannica Article on the Pentateuch A comprehensive article.
Prologue to the Torah Barry L. Bandstra introduction to the first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures. Includes Study Guide.
Dating the Pentateuch, Genesis and the Archaeological Anomalies and Anachronisms Walter Mattfeld looks at the archaeological findings and compares them with the Biblical accounts.
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Pentateuch - Catholic Encyclopedia An overview of the Pentateuch or Five Cases/Books.
Samaritan Pentateuch thought to be similar in form to the Pentateuch that had been in use prior to the Captivity.
On the Samaritan Pentateuch an overview of the textual criticism.
The Torah in Modern Scholarship Ken Collins feels that the Torah is stylistically bumpy and examines the Documentary Hypothesis in the light of modern archeological discoveries.
The Messiah in the Pentateuch in the Light of Rabbinical Writings Risto Santala points out that the old Jewish literature, even in the creation account, finds the Messianic motif.
J and the Law Gerald A. Larue speaks of J as a writer who did not originate the material but compiled, edited and reworked sources into a great schematic framework reflecting the Hebrew nation under Yahweh.
P - Understanding the Priestly Source Victor Hurowitz looks at the various literary components making up the Five Books of Moses and focuses on the Priestly source.
focuses on Deuteronomy 30:1-10 and explores the theory the idea that the Primary History was written by one author in the exile and notes that some sites appearing in Joshua did not come into existence until late in the 7th century BCE.
Bible Images - The Five Books of Moses A selection of images depicting Biblical events linked to the relevant Scripture.
The Sabbatical/Jubilee Cycle and the Seven-Year Famine in Egypt C. Carmichael explores the the Year of Jubilee which goes back two and a half thousand years and argues that the Sabbatical and Jubilee cycle, with its climactic Year of Jubilee, becomes intelligible when related back to the developments in Egypt at the time of the famine there. The policy adopted by the pharaoh in line with Joseph’s counsel is the key to how the Israelite institution came to be formulated and also looks at comparable institutions in the ancient Near East.
L’impureté selon P. Une lecture théologique (The impurity according to P. a theological reading) Alfred Marx This article is displayed in French but can be translated by entering the URL into the Translator Service provided but it will only translate 150 words at a time so it may be worth highlighting and then copy an pasting into the translator. The article looks at what P determined to be impure and argues that it was not intended to place other nations or their people into the impure category.